papavray island hebrides map

[101][Note 5], The Hebrides were now part of the Kingdom of the Isles, whose rulers were themselves vassals of the Kings of Norway. [9][10][11] Later texts in classical Latin, by writers such as Solinus, use the forms Hebudes and Hæbudes.

We have been about 8 or 9 holidays there and always leave saddened, but refreshed. The manufacture of tweed in the Hebrides is historically of ancient origin.

[137] Nonetheless emigration and military service became the choice of many[138] and the archipelago's populations continued to dwindle throughout the late 19th century and for much of the 20th century. [11] Islay is Ptolemy's Epidion,[13] the use of the "p" hinting at a Brythonic or Pictish tribal name, Epidii,[14] although the root is not Gaelic. Site and Hebrides People Genealogical Application by. [97][129] The Scottish Gaelic language arrived from Ireland due to the growing influence of the kingdom of Dál Riata from the 6th century AD onwards, and became the dominant language of the southern Hebrides at that time. [139][140] Lengthy periods of continuous occupation notwithstanding, many of the smaller islands were abandoned. Lewis and Harris. The Hebrides (/ˈhɛbrɪdiːz/; Scottish Gaelic: Innse Gall, pronounced [ˈĩːʃə ˈkaul̪ˠ]; Old Norse: Suðreyjar) comprise a widespread and diverse archipelago off the west coast of mainland Scotland. Today, they are also known as the Western Isles, although this phrase can also be used to refer to the Hebrides in general. [180][181], Hedgehogs are not native to the Outer Hebrides—they were introduced in the 1970s to reduce garden pests—and their spread poses a threat to the eggs of ground nesting wading birds. Far and wide the people were driven to flight. [105], As the Norse era drew to a close, the Norse-speaking princes were gradually replaced by Gaelic-speaking clan chiefs including the MacLeods of Lewis and Harris, Clan Donald and MacNeil of Barra. [119] The British government's strategy was to estrange the clan chiefs from their kinsmen and turn their descendants into English-speaking landlords whose main concern was the revenues their estates brought rather than the welfare of those who lived on them. [122] However, in the mid-19th century, the inhabitants of many parts of the Hebrides were devastated by the Clearances, which destroyed communities throughout the Highlands and Islands as the human populations were evicted and replaced with sheep farms. Hebrides, group of more than 40 islands extending in an arc off the Atlantic (west) coast of Scotland. [165] However, these islands provide breeding grounds for many important seabird species including the world's largest colony of northern gannets. A considerable number of islesmen "came out" in support of the Jacobite Earl of Mar in the 1715 and again in the 1745 rising including Macleod of Dunvegan and MacLea of Lismore. [75] Maclean (1977), drawing on an Icelandic saga describing an early 13th-century voyage to Ireland that mentions a visit to the islands of Hirtir, speculates that the shape of Hirta resembles a stag, hirtir being "stags" in Norse.

Later fair rents were established by a Crofters Commission. [15] Woolf (2012) has suggested that Ebudes may be "an Irish attempt to reproduce the word Epidii phonetically rather than by translating it" and that the tribe's name may come from the root epos meaning "horse".


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